All the hominin type specimens

The type specimen of a species is the particular fossil to which the species name was first applied. The following table lists the type specimens of all the hominin species which have a wide acceptance by the Paleoanthropology community. It indicates the name of the species, the fossil record number, and the date & location of the specimen discovery. 

 toumai Sahelanthropus tchadensis

TM 266-01-060-1 (Jul 19 2001, Toros-Manalla 266, Chad)

 orrorin Orrorin tugenensis

BAR 1000’00 (Oct 25 2000, Tugen Hill, Kenya)

 Ardipithecus-kadabba Ardipithecus kadabba

ALA-VP-2/10 (Jul 12 2001, Asa Koma, Middle Awash Valley, Ethiopia)

 ardipithecus-ramidus-ara-vp-1-129 Ardipithecus ramidus

ARA-VP-6/1 (Dec 17 1992, Aramis, Ethiopia)

* Photo: mandible fragment with deciduous lower first molar ARA-VP-1/129. An associated set of 10 adult teeth was chosen for the holotype.
 KNM-KP-29281 Australopithecus anamensis

KNM-KP-29281 (Sep 10 1994, Kanapoi, Kenya)

 lh4 Australopithecus afarensis

LH-4 (1974, Laetoli, Tanzania)

 wt40000 Kenyanthropus platyops

KNM-WT-40000 (Aug 1999, Lomekwi, Kenya)

 taung-child-1925 Australopithecus africanus

Taung-1 (Nov 28 1924, Taung, South Africa)

 omo18 Paranthropus aethiopicus

Omo-18 (1967, West of Omo River, Ethiopia)

 garhi Australopithecus garhi

BOU-VP-12/130 (Nov 20 1997, Bouri, Ethiopia)

 er1470 Homo rudolfensis

KNM-ER-1470 (Aug 1972, Koobi Fora, Kenya)

 nutcrackerman-zinj-craneum2 Paranthropus boisei

OH-5 (Jul 17 1959, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania)

 sediba Australopithecus sediba

MH-1 (Aug 15 2008, Malapa, South Africa)

 OH7 Homo habilis

OH-7 (Nov 4 1960, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania)

 tm1517 Paranthropus robustus

TM-1517 (Jun 8 1938, Kromdraai, South Africa)

 Photography Homo ergaster

KNM-ER-992 (1971, Koobi Fora, Kenya)

 trinil2 Homo erectus

Trinil-2 (Oct 1891, Trinil, Java, Indonesia)

 atd6-5 Homo antecessor

ATD 6-5 (Jul 8 1994, Atapuerca, Spain)

 Homo_heidelbergensis_(Erstbeschreibung)_03 Homo heidelbergensis

Mauer-1 (Oct 20 1907, Mauer, Germany)

 Neandertal-1 Homo neanderthalensis

Neandertal-1 (Aug 1856, Feldhofer grotto, Germany)

 lb1 Homo floresiensis

LB-1 (Sep 6 2003, Liang Bua, Flores, Indonesia)

 DH1 Homo naledi

Dinaledi Hominin 1 (March 2014, Rising Star, South Africa)

 linnaeus Homo sapiens

N/A, but… David Notton and Chris Stringer propose that the type specimen of Homo sapiens is Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778)


10 pensamientos en “All the hominin type specimens

  1. Nice collection of information and evidence for human evolution. I would add the age of the specimens, which is of great value for people who don’t investigate further. As we know, it allows readers without paleoanthropological knowledge to understand the temporal position of these discoveries. Also, it should be mention here that other fossil specimens of some, if not most of these species do exist, and even more are now being discovered, making the validity of the data still more powerful. Thank you for putting this list together. It shows, in my opinion, the invaluable work of the so many field workers, who find the fossils, and who determine their biological and geological context.

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    • Hi Alfonso, I appreciate your comments. I like the suggestion about adding the age and will try to do it soon. About adding more specimens, I think this would make the list too crowded with data, but it is a good idea for a separate post. Thanks!

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  2. Pingback: 3 hominins found on October 21st – Nutcracker Man


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